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Main References

The following are the main references made in the present work. There are, in fact, many more references scattered throughout the present volume, in footnotes. The selection of some under the heading of ‘main references’ is somewhat subjective. References made through Internet links, even if important are usually excluded here – as are references to works quoted rather incidentally. Note that this listing is not intended as a bibliography, at least not as an exhaustive one.

Abitbol, Gabriel. Logique du droit talmudique. Paris: Sciences Hébraïques, 1993.

M. Abraham, D. Gabbay and U. Schild.

  • Analysis of the Talmudic Argumentum A Fortiori Inference Rule (Kal-Vachomer) using Matrix Abduction. Studia Logica 92(3): 281-364 (2009).
  • מידות הדרש ההגיוניות כאבני הבסיס להיסקים לא דדוקטיביים” (Hebrew paper on Kal-Vachomer). In BDD Journal. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University, 2009.

Al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid. Al-Qistas al-mustaqim (The Correct Balance). Trans. Richard J. McCarthy. Boston: Twayne, 1980.

Aristotle. The Works of Aristotle. Ed. William David Ross. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 1952.

Arnaldez, Roger. Fakhr al-Din al-Razi: Commentateur du Coran et philosophe. Paris: Vrin, 2002.

Avraham, Michael. “The ‘Kal Vachomer’ as a Syllogism – Arithmetic Model” (in Hebrew). In: Higayon: Studies in Rabbinic Logic (vol. 2, pp. 29-46). Ed. Moshe Koppel and Ely Merzbach. Jerusalem: Aluma, 1992. Pp. 29-46.

Bar-Zeev, Haï. Une lecture juive du Coran. Paris: Berg, 2005.

Bergman, Rabbi Meir Zvi. Gateway to the Talmud. New York: Mesorah, 1985.

Blau, Lajos. Die hermeneutische Analogie in der talmudischen Litteratur par Adolf Schwarz” (Vienna, 1897). In: Revue des Études Juives, Tome 36e. Paris: Durlacher, 1898. Pp. 150-159.

Brachfeld, Meir. “A Formal Analysis of Kal VaChomer and Tsad Hashaveh (Common Element).” In: Higayon: Studies in Rabbinic Logic (vol. 2, pp. 47-55). Ed. Moshe Koppel and Ely Merzbach. Jerusalem: Aluma, 1992.

Chavel, Charles B. Encyclopedia of Torah Thoughts. New York: Shilo, 1980.

Cicero, Marcus Tullius. Topica. Trans. H. M. Hubble. Cambridge, Mass. Harvard UP, 1949.

Daube, David. “Rabbinic Methods of Interpretation and Hellenistic Rhetoric.” In: HUCA, Vol. XXII, pp. 239-264.

Encyclopaedia Judaica. Ed. Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnik. 2nd ed. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007.

Encyclopédie Philosophique Universelle. Paris: PUF, 1990.

Encyclopaedia Talmudit (vol. 7, in Hebrew). Jerusalem: Yad HaRav Herzog Torah Institute, 1990.

Feigenbaum, R. Yitzchak. Understanding the Talmud: A Systematic Guide to Talmudic Structure and Methodology. 2nd rev. ed. Jerusalem: Darche Noam, 1988.

Freely, John. Aladdin’s Lamp: How Greek Science Came to Europe Through the Islamic World. New York: Knopf, 2009.

Goltzberg, Stefan. “The A Fortiori Argument In The Talmud.” In: Judaic Logic, ed. Andrew Schumann. Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias, 2010.

Guggenheimer, Heinrich. “Logical Problems in Jewish Tradition.” In: The Great Society: Confrontations with Judaism. A Symposium. Ed. Philip Longworth. London: Blond, 1966.

Hallaq, Wael B. A History of Islamic Legal Theories: An Introduction to Sunni usul al-fiqh. Cambridge: UP, 1997.

Hirschfeld, H. S. Halachische Exegese. Berlin: Athenaeum, 1840.

Jacobs, Louis.

  • Studies in Talmudic Logic and Methodology. London: Vallentine Mitchell, 1961. (Republished as paperback, 2006.)
  • “The Talmudic Argument.” In: Essential Papers on the Talmud. Ed. Michael Chernick. New York: NYU Press, 1994. Pp. 429-460. (Orig. ed. 1984.)
  • The Jewish Religion: A Companion. Oxford: OUP, 1995.
  • Rabbinic Thought in the Talmud. London: Vallentine Mitchell, 2005.

Jewish Encyclopedia, The. 2nd ed. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1901-1906. (Available Online.)

Joseph, Horace William Brindley. Introduction to Logic. 2nd ed. rev. Oxford: Clarendon, 1916.

Kneale, William and Martha. The Development of Logic. Oxford, London: Clarendon, 1962.

Koran, The. Trans. by John Medows Rodwell (1861, 2nd ed. 1876). Seattle, Wash.: Kindle, 2011.

Kunst, Arnold. “An Overlooked Type of Inference.” In: Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, Vol. X, Part 4, pp. 976-991 (1942).

Lalande, Pierre André. Vocabulaire technique et critique de la philosophie. Paris: Alcan, 1926. Paris: PUF, 1972.

Lenartowicz, Piotr SJ, and Jolanta Koszteyn. “On Paley, Epagogé, Technical Mind and A Fortiori Argumentation.” In: Forum Philosophicum Facultas Philosophica Ignatianum Cracovia – Cracow, 7: 2002, 49-83.

Lieberman, Saul. “Rabbinic Interpretation of Scripture.” In: Essential Papers on the Talmud. Ed. Michael Chernick. New York: NYU Press, 1994. Pp. 429-460. (Orig. ed. 1950.)

Lifshitz, Avraham. “Kal VaChomer and its Disprovings” (in Hebrew). In: BDD (Bekhol Derakhekha Daehu) journal No. 24 (2011), pp. 73-88.

Luzzatto, R. Moshe Chaim.

  • The Ways of Reason (orig. Derech Tevunot). Trans. Rabbis D. Sackton and Ch. Tscholkowski. Jerusalem: Feldheim, 1989.
  • The Book of Logic (orig. Sepher haHigayon). Trans. Rabbis D. Sackton and Ch. Tscholkowski. Jerusalem: Feldheim, 1995.

Maccoby, Hyam. The Philosophy of the Talmud. London: Routledge Curzon, 2002.

Maïmonide. Terminologie Logique (Makala fi sana’at al mantik – Milot haHigayon). Trans. Moise Ventura. Paris: Librairie Philosophique, 1935. Reprinted, 1982.

Maimonides, Moses.

  • Guide for the Perplexed. Trans. M. Friedlander. 2nd ed. New York: Pardes, 1946.
  • Commentary on the Mishnah. Trans. Fred Rosner. Northvale, N.J.: Aronson, 1995.

Marraud, Hubert. “From a Stronger Reason.” Draft paper (14p), posted online at The Logic Forum (2012) and possibly later published in the Spanish journal Theoria.

Mielziner, Moses. Introduction to the Talmud. 3rd ed. New York: Bloch, 1925. (1st ed. 1894.)

Neusner, Jacob. Rabbinic Literature: An Essential Guide. Nashville, Tenn.: Abingdon, 2005.

New Testament, The Revised King James. Ed. Brad Haugaard. Seattle, Wash.: Kindle, 2008.

Ostrovsky, Moshe. Hamidot She-haTora Nidreshet Bahem (The Rules that the Torah Requires). Jerusalem: K. I. Milman, 1924/5.

Philon d’Alexandrie. De Fuga et Inventione. Trans. Esther Starobinski-Safran. Paris: Cerf, 1970.

Plato. The Dialogues of Plato. Trans. Benjamin Jowett. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1892.

Porton, Gary G.

  • “Rabbinic Midrash.” In: Judaism in Late Antiquity. Ed. Jacob Neusner. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 1995. Pp. 217-238.
  • “Rabbi Ishmael and his Thirteen Middot.” In: New Perspectives on Ancient Judaism Volume One: Religion, Literature, and Society in Ancient Israel Formative Christianity and Judaism. Ed. J. Neusner, P. Borgen, E. S. Frerichs, and R. Horsley. Lanham: University Press of America, 1987. Pp. 3-18.

Radhakrishnan, Sarvepalli and Charles A. Moore, eds. A Sourcebook of Indian Philosophy. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP, 1957.

Ravitsky, Aviram. “Aristotelian Logic and Talmudic Methodology: The Commentaries On The 13 Hermeneutic Principles And Their Application Of Logic.” In: Judaic Logic. Ed. Andrew Schumann. Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias, 2010.

Rodkinson, Michael L. The Rodkinson Edition of the Babylonian Talmud (1903). Seattle, Wash.: Kindle, 2003.

Saadia Gaon.

  • Œuvres Complètes de R. Saadia ben Iosef al-Fayyoumi (vol. 9). Ed. Joseph Derenbourg, Hartwig Derenbourg and Mayer Lambert. Paris: Leroux, 1897.
  • The Book of Doctrines and Beliefs. Abridged ed. Trans. Alexander Altmann. Oxford: Phaidon, date not specified.
  • The Book of Beliefs and Opinions (Vol. I). Trans. Samuel Rosenblatt. New Haven: Yale, 1948.

Samely, Alexander. Rabbinic Interpretation of Scripture in the Mishnah. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2002.

Sartor, Giovanni. Legal Reasoning: A Cognitive Approach to the Law. (Volume 5 of A Treatise of Legal Philosophy and General Jurisprudence. Chief ed. Enrico Pattaro.) Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer, 2005.

Schumann, Andrew (Ed.).

  • Logic in Religious Discourse. Heusenstamm: Ontos Verlag, 2010.
  • Judaic Logic. Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias, 2010.
  • History and Philosophy of Logic. London: Taylor & Francis, 2011.

Schwarz, Adolf. Der Hermeneutische Syllogismus in der Talmudischen, Litteratur. Vienna: Israelitisch-Theologischen Lehranstalt, 1901.

Sion, Avi. Judaic Logic: A Formal Analysis of Biblical, Talmudic and Rabbinic Logic. Geneva: Slatkine, 1997. (1st ed. 1995.)

Soncino Babylonian Talmud. Ed. Rabbi Dr. I. Epstein. London: Soncino, 1952.

Soncino Chumash: The Five Books of Moses with Haphtaroth. Ed. Cohen, Rev. Dr. A. 2nd ed. London: Soncino, 1983.

Steinsaltz, R. Adin.

  • The Talmud. The Steinsaltz Edition. A Reference Guide. Trans. and ed. R. Israel V. Berman. New York: Random, 1989.
  • The Essential Talmud. Trans. Chayah Galai. New York: Basic, 2006.

Strack, H. L. et Stemberger, G. Introduction au Talmud et au Midrash. Trans. et adapt. Maurice-Ruben Hayoun. Paris: Cerf, 1986.

Talmud Bavli: Tractate Bava Kamma. Vol. I. Ed. R. Yisroel Simcha Schorr. Brooklyn, N.Y.: Mesorah, 2010.

Talmud Bavli: Tractate Kiddushin. Vol. I. Ed. R. Hersh Goldwurm. Brooklyn, N.Y.: Mesorah, 2010.

Ury, Yisrael. Charting the Sea of Talmud: A Visual Method for Understanding the Talmud. Jerusalem: Mosaica, 2012.

Villanova, Ron. Legal Methods: A Guide For Paralegals And Law Students. Coral Springs: Llumina, 1999.

Wiseman, Allen Conan. A Contemporary Examination of the A Fortiori Argument Involving Jewish Traditions. Waterloo, Ont.: University of Waterloo, 2010.