This short work consists of three essays:
written end 1998 or early 1999, as preparatory notes for a series of lectures on
philosophy delivered to a group of some twenty students at the Université
populaire de Genève.
The first of these essays is significant, in that it constitutes a
comparative study, of interest not only to Moslems, but equally to Jews.
The second is primarily intended serve Jews or Christians to view their own
beliefs in perspective (it is often easier to admit reasoning when one is not
personally attached to a doctrine). My intent is certainly not to express
disrespect for Moslem beliefs, though I of course wish them too to be more
The third is not an original essay based on deep personal study, but was gleaned
from other writers. It tells of the apparent stunting of Islamic philosophy
after its promising beginnings.
See also my comments on the modal logic of
Avicenna (Ibn Sina, 11th Cent. Persian philosopher), in
As well, see comments on the
“Occasionalism” of Al-Ghazali (1059-1111), in
and Allied Causal Concepts, Chapter 2.4.
See also, on the role of violence and threats
of violence: Islamic ‘Logic’:
A brief essay on the essence of Islamic discourse (2012)
to allied works.